The problem of addiction to social networks is seen as a real threat to the psyche, along with chemical addictions that change the personality and the ability to social adaptation. Accessibility, prevalence and peculiarities of the construction of network communications themselves are able to meet any human needs. There are standard, designed for a wide audience, and there are highly specialized, where people can satisfy their professional interests or develop. Twitter, Facebook, Instagram exist for mainstream consumers and are widespread, networks with a medical or IT focus are less popular, but are more in demand among a narrow audience.
Positive is the ability to share any information, to look for like-minded people even when imprisoned or among spiritually alien people. Many professional industries are also moving to social networks - here you can find vacancies and a suitable employee, no longer guided by a standard resume, but by getting to know the person as a person by scrolling through his profile. Reservations for accommodation and travel arrangements can be made in the relevant groups, creating your own page helps to promote your creativity, and without the use of social networks it would be more difficult and longer.
It is a way to make money or raise money for charity, a way to help law enforcement with a report of an infraction or a found wallet or passport. A huge number of positive moments are born thanks to the fact that there is a union of people, using all the possibilities of the Internet. The downside of this phenomenon is only the psychological dependence on social networks, after which a person practically refuses to live in the real world, completely transferring their communication and any other social contacts to the online mode.
Causes of addiction
Young people's dependence on social media is due to the fact that it is a cult of the present. It is no longer fashionable to drink, use drugs or smoke, but it is fashionable to blog, record storizas and post photos of every event. The older generation is much less likely to use the Internet version of communication, and resort to the problem-solving formats offered in social networks. Those who have searched for lost things still turn to the police, and those who met through mutual friends do not start looking for a companion through the same subscriptions.
In addition to the age requirement, it is worth remembering that the developers are constantly improving functionality, making communication easier and the content colorful and enjoyable. A huge number of settings helps to create the world that is comfortable directly to you - the ability to add to your friends and maintain confidentiality, adjust who will know what news or receive comments. Here you can unsubscribe and not see what you don't want to see, no one will make you interact with unpleasant people.
Everyone creates his or her own ideal world, which is more attractive than the real one, constantly available (now there is more chance of getting an answer in a messenger than of the person coming to a meeting or picking up the phone), and also in it will be friends with people who are not even possible to meet in reality (do not take into account that these people may add you not out of interest, but out of politeness). Regularly encountering a stressful reality forces you to seek refuge in an alternative reality, looking more and more frequently at the social network and increasing the gap.
Over time, a person begins to produce hormones of joy from spending time there, various paid content is introduced, with additional functions, and there is the involvement of payment, there marketers connect the mechanisms of influence on the subconscious. For some people, the social network is the only place where they can get recognition. Everyone needs praise and psychological stroking, so if in reality there is no recognition of a person's beauty, talents or intelligence, he will strive in the world where this is available.
In addition, a large number of complexes associated with adolescence, and online communication creates a sense of impersonality, freedom, irresponsibility forms the dependence of adolescents on social networks. It is possible to choose a photo and in general to upload an anonymous avatar and create a fictitious personality, which one wants to be, to realize there their dark sides.
Signs of addiction
Signs of social media addiction include both emotional and behavioral patterns, some of which are common to any type of addiction, and some of which are unique to online communication addiction. The primary sign of social media addiction is the emergence of an irresistible desire to visit one's page or see the news in a group, to check the number of likes or new comments. On an emotional level, a person does not have access to an analysis of the lack of the need to check every minute, but instead there may be anxiety and fear.
Then there is a loss of temporal control, which eventually begins to lead to the frustration of the material present life and the failure to fulfill certain obligations. So, not realizing that it took a couple of hours rather than a few minutes to check the likes and photos, the person misses meetings or fails to do the necessary work. It may turn out that the complaints of real loved ones become stronger, the person is accused of not paying enough attention to his or her own family and household problems. The addict himself or herself may consider these complaints irrelevant, zealously discussing with Facebook friends the impropriety of the family's demands, and they will be supportive.
The only difference is that then everyone will close the browser and end up with their families, and someone will break up with them for the love of unknown subscribers. Problems move to a quite physical and material level - sleep may suffer for the sake of unsubscribing and replying to everyone on time, an addict may not eat or drink while on a social network, or only sit on coffee all day long. This pulls not only interaction problems and impaired health, but also the possibility of normal independent financial support.
There is a high level of irritability if there is no satellite connection or the possibility of open wi-fi. Quarrels with partners can begin because of social networks - who liked who or forgot what other users commented. Methods of clarifying relationships become adjustments to marital status and removing each other from the list of friends - this is typical even for married couples, with the understanding that this is only a surrogate for interaction and the fact that the person removed from friends will not remove from your shared kitchen does not prevent the other from committing similar acts.
The urge to constantly attract attention through avatar changes, new photos and constant updating of posts speaks not only to addiction, but also to a lack of attention and recognition that finds satiation in this way. Even your own addiction to social media can be recognized by the fact that you met with friends a year ago, while swearing an eternal friendship and reporting that you miss them, moving all communication into daily correspondence.
Who is subject to addiction-personality types
There are certain prerequisites contributing to the development of addiction - it is a feeling of insecurity, insignificance and reduced self-esteem, as well as multiple complexes that drive a person into a state of inability to communicate normally with society. The possibility of self-actualization on the background of these complexes or simply the absence of the possibility of doing forms dependence not from the closest circle, but from those who understand, but far away.
An important factor in the formation of dependence on social networks is loneliness, and not so much actual and formal as internal.
Naturally, those on northern watch do not have the opportunity to contact anyone, but there are also metropolitan residents who close themselves off from neighbors, coworkers, and passersby, opening up only to those who are truly close in spirit. Behind all this is the need for approval and emotional stroking, a mental hunger for love, stretching back to childhood. The psyche can exist in an undisturbed state only when there is social communication and encouragement in it, so initially addiction is formed as a protective mechanism for survival.
Often people prone to addiction to social media are quite infantile, so those who sit in chat rooms and groups are either teenagers or have an immature personality. Regardless of age, it's about comparing opinions, taking action to please the interactive community, and preferring conclusions based on what's compelled rather than independent analysis.
Lying can also be pushed to maximum presence on the Internet, since there one can both present oneself as any personality and speak any views, promising anything or even outright deceiving others for profit. Sensitivity to criticism instead of the ability to resist or not respond is quickly edited here. A person adjusts his acquaintances and his feed so as not to encounter unpleasant opinions and ends up getting hooked on social media, because only there does it feel accepted and understood.
Egoism is also one of the traits of all addicts with a focus on photos - constant selfies, posting their purchases, trips or accomplishments speaks to the need to maintain their level of importance and the confidence of the person that someone is so interested in their life. And addiction can also lead to daydreaming and attempts to find themselves in a better world, when seemingly bright thoughts lead to the fact that the person begins to fall out of reality, and it does not matter where into drugs or social networks.
How to get rid of addiction in social networks
To overcome the addiction will have to hold on to willpower, because any addiction is also formed on a hormonal level, so back to look at the tape will be pushed by a lack of dopamine.
It is necessary to load yourself as much as possible with pleasant events, because this is not a constructive strategy, especially in the fight against addiction.
You will have to take care of reducing provocations initially - get into the settings of all applications and turn off notifications of any events - sounds and reminders of all birthdays, comments, likes and messages can distract throughout the day, creating a sense of anxiety when the phone does not make sounds - then the person climbs to check everything on their own. If you turn off the notifications, however, after a couple of days the psyche stops feeling anxious from the silence and simultaneously gets focused on what's directly happening in life right now.
Don't get rid of your social media presence right away; you can gradually reduce the time you spend there. It is better to start by going there at a certain time, then you will develop a schedule and your visits will cease to be chaotic. After the development of control over the visit, you can shift or the duration of stay in the social network or the frequency of updates. You should be wary of the main habit of addicts - to start and end the day just with social networks. It is better to sit in them all day, but in the morning and before going to bed to devote to other activities.
For those who have completely lost control, you can temporarily freeze or completely delete your account, and in the meantime engage in self-education or travel. These are the kinds of activities that are a maximum substitute for surfing the news feed - it's an influx of information and an exchange of opinions with others. Deleting mobile apps will help to reduce the frequency of visits - then you can only go to your profile when you get to a desktop computer, and you'll think a few times about what to spend the remaining time on.